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Saga is a cognate of the English word say: its various meanings in Icelandic are approximately equivalent to "something said" or "a narrative in prose", along the lines of a "story", "tale" or "history".Through the centuries, the word saga has gained a broader meaning in Nordic languages. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings series was translated into Swedish by Åke Ohlmarks with the title Sagan om ringen: "The Saga of the Ring".Most were written down between 11, sometimes existing as oral traditions long before, others are pure fiction, and for some we do know the sources: the author of King Sverrir's saga had met the king and used him as a source.Norse sagas are generally classified as: the Kings' sagas (Konungasögur), sagas of Icelanders (Íslendinga sögur), Short tales of Icelanders (Íslendingaþættir), Contemporary sagas (Samtíðarsögur or Samtímasögur), Legendary sagas (Fornaldarsögur), Chivalric sagas (Riddarasögur), Saints' sagas (Heilagra manna sögur) and bishops' sagas (Biskupa sögur). Family Sagas, are stories of real events, passed in oral form till they eventually were recorded, mostly in the 13th century.Sagas are stories mostly about ancient Nordic and Germanic history, early Viking voyages, the battles that took place during the voyages, and migration to Iceland and of feuds between Icelandic families.They were written in the Old Norse language, mainly in Iceland.The names of these semi-legendary kings have not been copied into this document.

However, most scholars now believe the sagas were conscious artistic creations, based on both oral and written tradition.

The aim is on a lively narrative and entertainment.

Scandinavia's pagan past was a proud and heroic history for the Icelanders.

The texts are tales in prose which share some similarities with the epic, often with stanzas or whole poems in alliterative verse embedded in the text, of heroic deeds of days long gone, "tales of worthy men," who were often Vikings, sometimes pagan, sometimes Christian. sögur), and refers to (1) "what is said, statement" or (2) "story, tale, history".

The tales are usually realistic, except legendary sagas, sagas of saints, sagas of bishops and translated or recomposed romances. It is cognate with the English word saw (as in old saw), and the German Sage.

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